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"NPM everything" - Just a Prank Matter, or a Serious Signal?

Yossi Pik


January 23, 2024


The "npm everything" incident, humorous in its essence yet profoundly insightful, shines a spotlight on a crucial aspect of application development: the need to thoroughly understand software dependencies. This episode comically underscores the critical role of Software Composition Analysis (SCA) in dependency identification, a key process essential for ensuring security, compliance, and efficiency in the realm of software development.

The Incident

What might have started as a simple prank ended up causing some chaos. The publication of a package named "everything" on December 29 2023, designed to install all other public packages in the registry, created a widespread network of dependencies, effectively disabling the unpublishing feature for the entire platform. The NPM registry, which boasts over 2 million packages and is used by over 17 million developers, faced disruptions. Developers couldn't take down their outdated or experimental packages, leading to frustration and criticism.

The Importance of Early Dependency Analysis

The need for identifying risky dependencies early in the development cycle cannot be overstated. Waiting until runtime scanning to uncover these vulnerabilities is a reactive approach that can lead to significant security risks and operational inefficiencies. Integrating this process into the static analysis phase is a proactive strategy that is essential for ensuring the security of software applications. Addressing vulnerabilities during development is less costly and simpler compared to dealing with them in a live environment, where running software with known vulnerabilities poses heightened security risks. Remediation in a live production environment is not only complex, involving fixing, verifying updates, and ensuring no functionality loss due to package version changes, but it also must be conducted under time pressure since the vulnerable code is live and potentially exploitable. Efficiently addressing these issues during development, whenever possible, minimizes the risk associated with complications in the live environment.

 This strategy streamlines the development process and reinforces a security-first approach, prompting developers to thoroughly evaluate the implications of their dependencies.

Understanding Application Dependencies

Delving into an application's dependencies is a detailed and sophisticated process. It involves a comprehensive examination of the code, aiming not only to list the used packages but also to analyze their versions, integration, and interactions both within the application and amongst each other. This deep analysis is essential for detecting potential vulnerabilities, particularly in the indirect, transitive dependencies. Although this type of analysis is critical, it is equally challenging due to the intricate nature of tracking these dependencies.

Backslash Approach to Software Dependency Management

Our approach to software dependency management has revealed that code can often reveal more than initially perceived. Unlike methods that claim to grasp every intricacy of code with only partial success, our tech takes a pragmatic stance. With focused analysis based on deciphering code to prioritize security risks, Backslash unveils clear security insights within the labyrinth of programming intricacies, enabling effective risk prioritization. By acknowledging that every line of code may not be fully comprehensible, we strategically direct our efforts towards extracting the most critical insights. This unique approach, specifically engineered for different code related security scenarios in the space of SAST and SCA allows our technology to excel in pinpointing and prioritizing security risks with clarity and purpose

Why This Matters

Security: Early identification of vulnerable packages is crucial for preventing security breaches and maintaining application integrity.

Efficiency and Team Dynamics: Efficient collaboration between AppSec and development teams is essential. Reducing false positives in vulnerability alerts is critical to save time and resources, enhancing the overall development process.

Compliance: Adherence to licensing and regulatory standards is essential for legal and operational compliance, ensuring the application meets industry standards and avoids legal complications.

Return on Investment: Investing in early identification of vulnerabilities and fostering collaboration yields a significant return on investment. The resources saved through reduced false positives and streamlined processes contribute to cost-effectiveness. Additionally, the proactive approach to security prevents potential breaches, protecting the organization from the financial and reputational costs associated with security incidents. 


The "NPM everything" incident serves as a compelling reminder of the complexities in application dependency management. Our approach to Software Composition Analysis, with its focus on early detection and our proprietary technology, ensures that applications are secure, efficient, and compliant with the evolving standards of software development.